European Space Agency Missions

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After the decision of the ESA Council of 21/22 March 2001, the procedure for accession of the European states was detailed as described the document titled "The Plan for European Co-operating States (PECS)". [55] Nations that want to become a full member of ESA do so in 3 stages. First a Cooperation Agreement is signed between the country and ESA. In this stage, the country has very limited financial responsibilities. If a country wants to co-operate more fully with ESA, it signs a European Cooperating State (ECS) Agreement. The ECS Agreement makes companies based in the country eligible for participation in ESA procurements. The country can also participate in all ESA programmes, except for the Basic Technology Research Programme. While the financial contribution of the country concerned increases, it is still much lower than that of a full member state. The agreement is normally followed by a Plan For European Cooperating State (or PECS Charter). This is a 5-year programme of basic research and development activities aimed at improving the nation's space industry capacity. At the end of the 5-year period, the country can either begin negotiations to become a full member state or an associated state or sign a new PECS Charter. [56] Many countries, most of which joined the EU in both 2004 and 2007, have started to co-operate with ESA on various levels:


How will the European Space Agency Mars Missions ...
How will the European Space Agency Mars Missions ...
European Space Agency: the biggest missions of the coming ...
European Space Agency: the biggest missions of the coming ...
ESA blasts off mission to detect life on Mars
ESA blasts off mission to detect life on Mars
European Space Agency Plans Mars Mission - Mars News Live
European Space Agency Plans Mars Mission - Mars News Live
European Space Agency Future Missions - Canada Journal ...
European Space Agency Future Missions - Canada Journal ...
European Space Agency Postpones Launch Of Planet-Studying ...
European Space Agency Postpones Launch Of Planet-Studying ...
NASA, Europe space agency launch Solar Orbiter mission ...
NASA, Europe space agency launch Solar Orbiter mission ...
European Space Agency plans asteroid mission - Telegraph
European Space Agency plans asteroid mission - Telegraph
European Space Agency gets more funds, also for Moon mission
European Space Agency gets more funds, also for Moon mission
European Space Agency gets more funds, also for Moon mission
European Space Agency gets more funds, also for Moon mission
ispace Selected by European Space Agency to Support Lunar ...
ispace Selected by European Space Agency to Support Lunar ...
European Space Agency plans mission to fight dead ...
European Space Agency plans mission to fight dead ...
Europe's plan to reach Jupiter for the first time ...
Europe's plan to reach Jupiter for the first time ...
ESA BULLETIN #121 2/2005 EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY HUYGENS ...
ESA BULLETIN #121 2/2005 EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY HUYGENS ...
NASA and European Space Agency team up on mission to stop ...
NASA and European Space Agency team up on mission to stop ...
Return to the Moon: ESA to send astronauts to lunar ...
Return to the Moon: ESA to send astronauts to lunar ...
ESA Astronaut Tim Peake Carries Out Principia Mission On ...
ESA Astronaut Tim Peake Carries Out Principia Mission On ...
European Space Agency seeking smallsats for 2018 Vega ...
European Space Agency seeking smallsats for 2018 Vega ...
European space agency announces 'Comet interceptor ...
European space agency announces 'Comet interceptor ...
European Space Agency plans Mercury mission in 2018 - YouTube
European Space Agency plans Mercury mission in 2018 - YouTube
European Space Agency, Russia's Roscosmos agency sign Mars ...
European Space Agency, Russia's Roscosmos agency sign Mars ...
European Space Agency's Mission To Map Dark Energy Gets ...
European Space Agency's Mission To Map Dark Energy Gets ...
comet: Latest News, Videos and Photos on comet - DNA News
comet: Latest News, Videos and Photos on comet - DNA News
European Space Agency Gets More Funds, Also For Moon Mission
European Space Agency Gets More Funds, Also For Moon Mission
European Space Agency announces eight new missions for ...
European Space Agency announces eight new missions for ...
The European astronaut corps / Astronauts / Human ...
The European astronaut corps / Astronauts / Human ...
ESA's New Ariel Mission To Study Exoplanets
ESA's New Ariel Mission To Study Exoplanets
Possible European Space Agency mission: surveying 500 ...
Possible European Space Agency mission: surveying 500 ...
The European Space Agency and Auroch Digital are working ...
The European Space Agency and Auroch Digital are working ...
International Space Station | Facts, Missions, & History ...
International Space Station | Facts, Missions, & History ...
The European Space Agency greenlights two space missions
The European Space Agency greenlights two space missions
European Space Agency login credentials released in ...
European Space Agency login credentials released in ...
European Space Agency Missions – Bryld.info
European Space Agency Missions – Bryld.info
List of European Space Agency programs and missions ...
List of European Space Agency programs and missions ...
European Space Agency
European Space Agency
European Space Agency gets more funds, also for Moon mission
European Space Agency gets more funds, also for Moon mission
CSIRO to provide maintenance for European Space Agency ...
CSIRO to provide maintenance for European Space Agency ...
1983 EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY - GERMAN SPACELAB MISSION ...
1983 EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY - GERMAN SPACELAB MISSION ...
ARIEL Space Mission – European Space Agency M4 Mission
ARIEL Space Mission – European Space Agency M4 Mission
A Mission to Explore Exoplanets from the European Space ...
A Mission to Explore Exoplanets from the European Space ...
European Space Agency hails its ExoMars mission - YouTube
European Space Agency hails its ExoMars mission - YouTube
European Space Agency considers 3 new mission concepts ...
European Space Agency considers 3 new mission concepts ...