Pioneer 10 And 11 Spacecraft

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In the 1960s, American aerospace engineer Gary Flandro of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory conceived of a mission, known as the Planetary Grand Tour, that would exploit a rare alignment of the outer planets of the Solar System. This mission would ultimately be accomplished in the late 1970s by the two Voyager probes, but in order to prepare for it, NASA decided in 1964 to experiment with launching a pair of probes to the outer Solar System. An advocacy group named the Outer Space Panel and chaired by American space scientist James A. Van Allen, worked out the scientific rationale for exploring the outer planets. NASA Goddard Spaceflight Center put together a proposal for a pair of "Galactic Jupiter Probes" that would pass through the asteroid belt and visit Jupiter. These were to be launched in 1972 and 1973 during favorable windows that occurred only a few weeks every 13 months. Launch during other time intervals would have been more costly in terms of propellant requirements.


Pioneer 10-11 spacecraft.jpg
Pioneer 10-11 spacecraft.jpg
Pioneer 10/11 Spacecraft
Pioneer 10/11 Spacecraft
Pioneer 10 - Wikipedia
Pioneer 10 - Wikipedia
In Depth | Pioneer 11 – NASA Solar System Exploration
In Depth | Pioneer 11 – NASA Solar System Exploration
Pioneer 10-11
Pioneer 10-11
Pioneer 10 - Wikipedia
Pioneer 10 - Wikipedia
Venturing to the Outer Solar System: Pioneer 10 and 11 and ...
Venturing to the Outer Solar System: Pioneer 10 and 11 and ...
Our Spaceflight Heritage: Pioneer 10, first to achieve ...
Our Spaceflight Heritage: Pioneer 10, first to achieve ...
Spacecraft’s behavior no longer an “unsolved problem in ...
Spacecraft’s behavior no longer an “unsolved problem in ...
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The ‘Pioneer anomaly’ that threatened to upend physics ...
Pioneer 10-11
Pioneer 10-11
45 Years Ago, Pioneer 11 Launched in Flyby Course with ...
45 Years Ago, Pioneer 11 Launched in Flyby Course with ...
Pioneer 10/11
Pioneer 10/11
3ds pioneer 11
3ds pioneer 11
Decades Of Discovery: NASA’s Exploration Of Jupiter ...
Decades Of Discovery: NASA’s Exploration Of Jupiter ...
PIONEER 11 SPACECRAFT PRIOR TO LAUNCH IN 1973 - 8X10 NASA ...
PIONEER 11 SPACECRAFT PRIOR TO LAUNCH IN 1973 - 8X10 NASA ...
Probes to the Outer Planets | Historic Spacecraft
Probes to the Outer Planets | Historic Spacecraft
Pioneer 10: first probe to leave the inner solar system ...
Pioneer 10: first probe to leave the inner solar system ...
Pioneer 11 3D Model .max .obj .3ds .c4d .lwo .lw .lws .ma ...
Pioneer 11 3D Model .max .obj .3ds .c4d .lwo .lw .lws .ma ...
Our Spaceflight Heritage: Pioneer 10, first to achieve ...
Our Spaceflight Heritage: Pioneer 10, first to achieve ...
Will Pioneer 10 Ever Phone Home or Return with Some ...
Will Pioneer 10 Ever Phone Home or Return with Some ...
NASA - NASA Celebrates Four Decades of Plucky Pioneer 11
NASA - NASA Celebrates Four Decades of Plucky Pioneer 11
NASA celebrates four decades of plucky Pioneer 11
NASA celebrates four decades of plucky Pioneer 11
Illustration of Pioneer 10 11 spacecraft - Stock Image ...
Illustration of Pioneer 10 11 spacecraft - Stock Image ...
10 Things: Pioneer Days – NASA Solar System Exploration
10 Things: Pioneer Days – NASA Solar System Exploration
Pioneer 10 - Wikipedia
Pioneer 10 - Wikipedia